Kibern. vyčisl. teh., 2018, Issue 1 (191), pp.
Bachynskyy M.V., PhD (Engineering), Docent,
Docent of Biotechnical Chair
Yavorskyy B.I., Dr. (Engineering), Professor,
Professor of Biotechnical Chair
Ivan Puluj Ternopil National Technical University,
Rus’ka av., 56, Ternopil, 46001, Ukraine
INFORMATIONAL ASPECTS OF THE HAPTIC STIMULATION BY THE LIGHT FOR CORRECTION OF THE HUMAN’ STATE
Introduction. The study of the laws and principles of information processes in the biological systems of the human body in extreme forms of its activities and the development of the theory of medical information systems of such appointment, taking into account the status and trends of convergence of society, ecosystems and technology become very relevant. This state of affairs makes it possible to affirm that it is an actual scientific and applied problem of radical change of the existing paradigm of designing information systems.
The purpose of the article is to specify the informational aspects of low intensity, haptic stimulation by the light, which is essential for correction of the functional state of an organism of the human being, who works in extreme conditions, to develop and study such methods and systems.
Methods. Analyses of requirements, functions and systems for designing synthesis of information technologies and the control biotechnical system of correction of the functional state of an organism of the human, who works in extreme conditions. The theoretical and experimental dependences between the stimulation energy of light emission diode (LED) and the energy are transferred through the layered bio media design. Mathematical modelling and computational simulation. Comparison of these real and model data.
Results. The base aspects requirements, functions and systems for designing synthesis of information technologies and the control biotechnical system of correction of the functional state of an organism of the human, who works in extreme conditions, low intensity, haptic stimulation by the light are defined. The methods for determining of intensity I0 of light emission diode, recursive expression , and formula for coefficient Cm , where M — quantity of bio media layers were developed. The bridges, which connects Maxwell’s phenomenological theory with the atomistic theory of matter and optics, were used. Computer simulation studies have confirmed the specification of requirements, functional and structural schemas of biotechnical system.
Conclusions. Thanking to specification of requirements possibility-using recursive determining of the light flux intensity after every bio media layer was got. Under the effect of recurstion low computation complexity was caused. Information technology means (for automation optimal control) of the human state under external influences on the organism was developed. Further study to confirm statistical significance in representative samples of observations was opened.
Keywords:haptic stimulate, light, information biotechnical system
1 NRC. 2024. Convergence: Facilitating Transdisciplinary Integration of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press 153 p. URL: http://ribonode.ucsc.edu/SciEd/pdfs/ NAP_Convergence.pdf (Last accessed: 20.03.17).
2 Eyre H. A. et al. Strengthening the role of convergence science in medicine. Convergent science physical oncology. 2015. vol. 1. No2. 11 p. URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/ 10.1088/2057-1739/1/2/026001/pdf (Last accessed: 20.03.17).
3 Baker-Jarvis J., Kim S. The Interaction of Radio — Frequency Fields With Dielectric Materials at Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Scales. Journ. of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2012. vol. 117. February 2. 60 p.
4 Yanenko O., Adamenko V., Shevchenko K., Kuz V. Automated system for irradiation of biologically active points of the human body. Scientific Journal of TNTU (Tern.). 2017. vol. 86. No2. P. 83–89.
5 Nair G.B., Dhoble S.J. A perspective perception on the applications of light-emitting diodes. Wiley Online Library, Luminescence. 2015. vol. 30 P. 1167–1175 URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bio.2919/full (Last accessed: 13.03.2015).
6 Born M., Wolf E. Principles of optics, Great Britain, Exeter, 1986. 831 p.
7 Adam D. Perception, consciousness, memory. Fusion of a biologist, Moscow, 1983. 152 p. (in Russian).
8 8. King A. S. A Historical Note on the Discovery of the Depressor Nerve. British Veterinary Journal, 1956, vol. 112, Issue 9 pp. 353– https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1935(17)46453-0
9 9. Sherrington C. S. The Integrative Action of the Nervous System, USA, 1920. 412 p.
10 Gibson J.J. The perception of the visual world, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Riverside Press, 1950. 240 p.
11 Gluckstad J., Palima D. Light Robotics — Structure-mediated Nanobiophotonics,Elsevier, 2017. 452 p.
12 Health Effects of Artificial Light. European Commission – Europa EU : SCENIHR. 118 p. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/emerging/docs/scenihr_o_035.pdf (Last accessed: 20.03.17).
13 McGrath J. A., Eady R. A. J., Pope F. M. Anatomy and organization of human skin. Rook’s Textbook of dermatology, Oxford : Blackwell Science Ltd Oxford, 2004. pp. 3.1–3.84.
14 Okamoto K., Tashiro A., Chang Z., and Bereiter D. A. Bright light activates a trigeminal nociceptive pathway. Pain, 2010, vol. 149, No 2 pp. 235–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.02.004
15 Tuchin V.V. Optics of biological tissues. Methods of light scattering in medical diagnostics. M : Fizmatlit, 2013. 812 p. In Russian
16 Bachynskyy M.V., Stoyanov Yu. M., Yavorskyy B.I. Identification of parameters of dipole model of the LED radiation source. Scientific Journal of TNTU (Tern.), 2017, vol. 85, No1 pp. 118–125.
17 Bachynskyy M.V., Stoyanov Yu. M., Yavorskyy B.I. Mathematical modeling of LED radiation in the system of medical diagnostics. Scientific Journal of TNTU (Tern.), 2016, vol. 84, No4 pp. 124–130.
18 Bachynskyy M.V., Stoyanov Yu. M., Yavorskyy B.I. Determination of non-intensive light flux intensity after propagation through layered biological environment. Scientific Journal of TNTU (Tern.), 2017, vol. 86, No2 pp. 101–107.
19 HONGLITRONIC, Part: HL-508H238WC-MD. — Honglitronic. — 5.23.2012. — 5 p. [Electronic resource]. Access mode: http://leds.com.ua/assets/products/datasheets/ 121.pdf (last access: 20.03.17).
20 Handbook of LED Metrology. INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS GmbH. version 1.1, 2016. 42 p.
21 Bachynskyy M.V., Tymkiv P.O., Demchuk L.B. Determination of lighting characteristics of low intensity medical light-emitting diodes. Methodic of measurement MB-001LED-2017. Ternopil : National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj, Testing laboratory of X-ray medical technique, 2012. 19 p. (In Ukrainian).