Cybernetics and Computer Engineering, 2023, 1(211)
International Research and Training Center for Information
Technologies and Systems of the National Academy of Science and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.
40, Acad. Glushkov ave., 03187, Kyiv, Ukraine
USAGE OF HIGH-FREQUENCY POSITIONING OF THE HYBRID UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR AUTOMATIC LOCATION ADJUSTMENT UNDER LIMITED LOCATION CIRCUMSTANCES
Introduction. Diversity of missions that could be perfectly performed by unmanned aerial vehicles generates demand for something more optimized and flexible than just a scheme “one aircraft for one mission”. Complex tasks are also not a seldom fact at modern civil and military operation. So technologies are providing brand new types of precise hybrid unmanned aerial vehicles that could take mission accomplishing tasks to the next level and provide much more pertinent way for each mission performance using just one aircraft for tasks that have only one fundamental thing in common – they needed to be done in the sky.
The purpose of the paper is to justify usage of a hybrid unmanned aerial vehicle for the performance during multitasking missions instead of a larger number of aircrafts of the airplane and helicopter type.
Results. The article describes specific variants of scenarios for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as a unit for adjusting the position of the aircraft, which also allows to improve the accuracy of the aircraft control and therefore the accuracy of performing tasks with such equipment, which opens up a large space for the use of such equipment and reduces the need for the presence of several equipment for such task execution, which, in turn, increases economic efficiency during the usage of a more complex device. The article consists of algorithm description that adjust the position of the aircraft along the axes, as well as a description of the tasks for which such aircrafts are designed and used
Conclusion. The use of more complex equipment with more on-board electronics can be justified during tasks performing with a large number of tasks and during the multiple operation of the aircraft ensuring itself. The number and direction of the tasks justifies the appearance of hundreds of aircraft in service in civil and military organizations in Ukraine. The operation of such devices can completely change the task performance approach at aerial photography, positioning, digitization of objects, as well as the implementation of a whole range of military tasks.
The result of the work on current stage is unmanned aerial vehicle location adjustment unit algorythms structure by all three axis, as well as a selection of scenarios, in particular those simulated in a training environment, for which the use of hybrid unmanned aerial vehicles equipped with such a unit is the most optimal option.
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle, hybrid aircraft, control module, autopilot
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