KVT, 2016, Issue 184, pp.25-44
ORGANIZATION OF INTELLIGENT HAND MOVEMENTS CONTROL TO RESTORE SPEECH
International Research and Training Center for Information Technologies and Systems of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com
Introduction. Intelligent control is a function of organized systems, situationally adapted to provide for the operation to be constant. Main mechanisms for constant operation of biological systems are adaptation and homeostasis. We must keep in mind these mechanisms while designing biotechnical systems for control, maintenance or restoration of motor functions, damaged by pathology, as well as remember that speech movements are a type of voluntary movements.
The purpose is to develop information-structural and structural-functional models for organization of intelligent fine motor hand movements control to restore speech.
Methods. information — structural modeling, structural-functional modeling, first-order predicate logic, Unified Modeling Language.
Results. In this article we present information-structural and structural-functional models of intelligent hand movements control organization to restore speech for patients after the stroke (hemiparesis, motor aphasia, motor-sensory aphasia). The main components of the biotechnical system that organizes intelligent control are electronic devices for motor control TRENAR and PC with software-based information component. Its structural-functional model is described. The organism’s reserves activation to restore homeostasis of fine motor hand movements and speech realization is the final goal of control. Adequacy is considered as the best criterion for individual choice of control actions parameters and topology of their application. It is shown how different methods, training programs, and a set of training movements allow us to organize personally oriented situational control / training of hand movements for speech rehabilitation. The method for determining the combination of personal training options for hand and finger movements on the basis of production approach is developed. The software implementation of the method in the form of reduced expert system is described.
Conclusion. The main features of intelligent control organization are the assistance of situational goal to the final goal of control and knowledge-based control.
Keywords: intelligent control, adaptive control, homeostasis, organization, hand movements, speech restoration, modeling, computer complex, electronic devices, information component, production approach, reduced expert system.
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