Kibern. vyčisl. teh., 2018, Issue 4 (194), pp.
International Research and Training Center for Information Technologies
and Systems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine,
Glushkov ave., 40, Kiev, 03680 GSP, Ukraine
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OF MOVEMENT CONTROL. EVOLUTION OF SYNTHESIS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS
Introduction. Movement training is one of the main factors to mobilize person’s reserves for movement restoration
The purpose of the article is to consider the theoretical and technological bases of the evolution of synthesis of biotechnical systems for motion control, to show the role of new information technologies and means of digital medicine in the synthesis of systems for personal control of movements for the restoration of motor and speech functions that are affected by pathology.
Results. The evolution of the synthesis of technologies of bioelectric control of human movements is given in the analysis of several generations of programmed muscle electrostimulators such as MIOTON, MIOSTIMUL and the new class of digital medicine devices TRENAR®. The main feature of these devices is the use of specially processed electromyographic (EMG) signals as programs to control signals of electrical stimulation and feedback. The principles, criteria, methods, programs, on the basis of which the innovative technology of personal training / restoration of movements TRENAR® is synthesized are considered. The computer program-apparatus complex “PROMOVА-1” is presented, that implements new technology of personal reconstruction of oral speech after a stroke based on the original techniques of fine motor hand training. Prospective studies are aimed at the synthesis of mobile informational and consulting assistance to the doctor in diagnosing the deficit of motor and speech functions and the formation of individual rehabilitation plans; at the synthesis of technologies to control muscle activity coordination during the performance of coordinated movements and rehabilitation treatment of posture defects.
Conclusion. Current researches are aimed at the further development of such priority areas in medicine as an individual approach to treatment, digital medicine, mobile health based on new information technologies.
Keywords: bioelectric control, movement, speech, coordination, posture, personal rehabilitation, methods, programs, myelectrostimulation, digital medicine.
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