Issue 3 (193), article 4
Kibern. vyčisl. teh., 2018, Issue 3 (193), pp.
Shakhlina L.Ya.-G.1, DSc. (Medicine), Professor,
Professor of Sport Medicine cafedra
Aralova N.I.2, PhD. (Engineering),Senior Researcher,
Senior Researcher of Dept. of Optimization of Controlled Processes
1 National University of Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine
Fiscultury Street, 1, Kiev, 03150, Ukraine
2 Institute of Cybernetics of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Acad.Glushkov av., 40, Kiev, 03187, Ukraine
FORECASTING THE ORGANISM REACTION OF THE ATHLETES ON INHIBITING HYPOXIC MIXTURES ON THE MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE FUNCTIONAL RESPIRATION SYSTEM
Introduction. In the modern sports of higher achievements, the issues of training and competitive activity of athletes using the hypoxic factor in natural-mountain conditions or with artificial hypoxic training with the use of pressure chambers or hypoxicators continue to attract great interest among specialists in the field of physiology, medicine, sports pedagogy. The influence of reproductive hormones on the functional breathing system responsible for the aerobic capacity of the female body remains insufficiently studied. There are no scientifically substantiated programs for training athletes, mainly developing the quality of endurance, in conditions of hypoxic hypoxia, taking into account the phases of the menstrual cycle.
The purpose of the article is to determine the reaction of the functional breathing system and to reveal the degree of tissue hypoxia in athletes when inhaled hypoxic gas mixture with 11% oxygen in different phases of the menstrual cycle.
Results. On the mathematical model of the functional breathing system, based on physiological examination data, an imitation of a hypoxic mixture with athletes was performed with athletes of 11% oxygen in different phases of the menstrual cycle. The partial pressures and voltages of oxygen in alveolar air, arterial and mixed venous blood, heart, brain and skeletal muscle tissues were calculated. Numerical experiments were also performed with the replacement of the real values of the minute volume of respiration and the minute volume of blood in the corresponding phases of MC for adaptation processes in other phases of the cycle.
Conclusions. The results of the prediction on the mathematical model of the respiratory system of the athlete’s reactions to the inhalation of hypoxic mixtures testify to the specificity of functional self-regulation and, consequently, the adaptive capabilities to the hypoxia of the female body during cyclic changes in the hormonal status in different phases of the menstrual cycle. The results of preliminary studies show that under hypoxic conditions, as a result of inhalation of a gas mixture with 11% oxygen without a compenetration increase in pulmonary ventilation and systemic circulation, the oxygen tension in the body tissues may be below the critical level and with different degrees of expression in different phases of the MC, which is confirmed by the presented results of calculation on a mathematical model of oxygen tension in the studied tissues.
The obtained results testify to the need for further study of the individual reactions of the organism of athletes in conditions of hypoxia for the scientific substantiation of sports training for women taking into account the biological characteristics of their organism.
Keywords: mathematical model of the functional breathing system, training process of athletes, interval hypoxic training, phases of the menstrual cycle, functional self-organization of the organism
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